There has been a significant role of an egg donor in the process of assisted reproduction. According to fertility experts, the importance of egg donors is vital as far as the assisted reproductive technologies are concerned. Women, who left with no option of using their own eggs, can conceive with the help of an egg donor, using in vitro fertilization process. In this post, we will discuss you about the overview of egg donation with an emphasis on its screening and evaluation.
Who needs donor eggs?
Egg donation was primarily for women with premature ovarian failure (POF). As pre reports, POF affects 1% of the female population and this condition indicates the diminishing of a woman’s own eggs and cessation of ovarian function. So, the predominant indication of egg donation has been for women with diminished ovarian reserve but with intact ovarian function. In general, it is an established fact women who are over 40 years of age have poorer chances of conception with using their own eggs. This age-related issue declines fertility and affects the quality of eggs.
Besides women with premature ovarian failure, other women who require eggs to conceive through IVF include, women who have failed IVF attempts, women with poor egg quality, and women having genetic abnormalities.
Medical Examination of the Donor
A thorough medical examination of each potential egg donor is of critical importance, whether the donor is known or is anonymous. The potential donors must undergo testing so as to check communicable infectious diseases (e.g HIV, syphills) and genetic screening both via a detailed family history and specific blood tests which are determined by her ethnic background (e.g., for cystic fibrosis, sickle cell disease, thalassemia). A formal psychological evaluation is also performed.
Potential Donor is younger
Generally the donor is younger than 35 years old with enough medical evidence suggests the young donors have potent fertility and thus increases the chances of getting pregnant to the intended couple. These young donors approach to egg donation clinics in India, where after taking fertility medications, they submit their eggs.
According to ICMR guidelines, it is mandatory for fertility clinics to keep the information confidential about the donor profiles.
Role of Egg Donor in Third Party Reproduction
Couples who are planning for surrogacy seriously look for potential egg donors. They achieve a successful and healthy pregnancy, with the help of egg donor agencies in India. Nowadays, more and more women donate their eggs and help couples to create a family for them, who would fail to do otherwise.